POLYPHEMUS


POLYPHEMUS
POLYPHEMUS
inter Cyclopas omnes, qui centum fuisse memorantur, viribus corporis formaeque magnitudine praestantissimus fuit; quibus vero parentibus ortus fuerit, nondum constat. Apollonius, Argon. l. 1. illum Neptunô et Europâ Tityi filiâ natum fuisse tradit, in his carminibus:
Ταίναρον αὖτ᾿ ἐπὶ τοῖςι λιπὼν Πολύφημος ἵκανε,
Τὸν ῤα Ποςειδάωνι ποδωκειέςτατον ἄλλων
Εὐρώπη Τιτύοιο μεγαςθενέος τέκε κούρη.
Κεῖνος ἀνὴῤ καὶ πόντου ἐπὶ γλαυκοῖο θέεςκει
Οἴδματος, οὐδὲ θοοὺς βάπτειν πόδας, ἀλλ᾿ ὅςον ἄκροις
Ι῎χνεςι τεγγόμενος διερῆ πεφόρητο κελεύθῳ.
Andron vero. Teius et Posidonius Polyphemum patre Elatâ ac matre Stilbe Nymphâ natum fuisse memorant. Conon, in Heracleâ, Elasi et Amymones eum filium fuisse scribit. Homerus autem Odyss. 1. Neptuni et Thoosae filium facit. Hunc in
spelunca habitare solitum, et oves in Sicilia custodire, magis notum est, quam ut indigeat explicatione, cum in eadem Tragoedia etiam id scribat Euripides et Homer. in Odyssaea. Martialis, l. 3. Epigr. 49. v. 6.
Pascentem Siculas aut Polyphemon oves.
Hic Galatcam Nympham fertur adamâsse, Acim vero puerum, quem sibi illa praeferebat, saxô interemisle: Ulyssem quoque vi tempestatis in Siciliam delatun antro suo inclusit, quatuorque ex comitibus eius devoravit; reliquos eôdem mortisgenere perempturus, nisi praevertens Ulysses vinô nigrô eum inebriâsset, altôque sopore obrutô adustô stipite oculum eruisset. Virg. Aen. l. 3. v. 618.
——— Domus sanie dapibusque cruentis,
Intus opaca, ingens. ipse arduus, altaque pulsat
Sidera. ——— ——— ———
Nec visu facilis, nec dictu affabilis ulli.
Visceribus miserorum, et sanguine vescitur atrô.
Vidi egomet, duo de numero cum corpora nostro
Prensa manu magna medio resupinus in antro
Frangeret ad saxum, sanieque aspersa natarent
Limina: vidi, atro cum membra fiventia tabo
Manderet, et tepidi tremerent sub dentibus artus.
Haud impane quidem; nec talia passus Uiysses,
Oblitusve sui est lthacus descrimine tantô.
Nam simul expletus dapibus. vinôque sepultus
Cervicem inflexam posuit, iacuitque per antrum
Immensum, saniem eructans, ac frusta cruento
Per somnum commista mero: nos magna precatl
Numina, sortitique vices, una undique circum
Fundimur: et telô lumen terebramus acutô,
Ingens quod torva solum sub fronte latebat
Angolici clypei, aut Phoebeae lampadis instar.
Ubi ex his verbis:
——— Iacuitque per antrum Immensum,
Auctores colligunt magnitudinem Cyclopis, utpote qui totum antrum occupasset. Ad quam pertinent Lucilii versus, apud Crintium:
Multa hominum portenta in Homero versificata
Monstra patent: quorum imprimis Polyphemus ducentos
Cyclops longus pedes. ——— ———
Ovid. Met. l. 14. v. 198.
Hac, et plura ferox (Polyphemus) me luridus occupat horror,
Spectantem vultus etiamnum caede madentes,
Crudelesque manus, et inanem luminis orbem,
Membraque, et humanô concretam sanguine barbam.
Mors erat ante oculos; mentique haerebat imago
Temperis illius, quô vidi bina meorum
Ter quater affligi sociorum corpora terrae,
Quae super ipse iacens, hirsuti more leonis
Visceraque et carnes, oblisisque ossa medullis,
Semianimesque artus avidam condebat in alvum.
Homer. Odyss. 9. v. 311.
Σὺν δὲ δύω μάρψας, ὥςτε ςκύλακας ποτὶ γαίῃ
Κόπτ᾿ ἐκ δ᾿ ἐγκέφαλος χαμάδις ῥέε δεῦε δὲ γαῖαν.
Τοὺς δὲ διαμελεϊςτὶ ταμὼν ὡπλίςςατο δόρπον,
Η῎ςθιε δ᾿ ὥςτε λέων ὀρεςίτροφος, οὐδ᾿ ἀπέλειπεν
Ε῎γκατά τε, ςάρκας τε καὶ ὄςτεα μυελόεντα.
Multi, inquit Servius, Polyphemum dicunt unum habuisse oculum, alii duos, alii tres, sed totum fabulosum est. Nam hic vir prudentissimus fuit, et ob hoc oculum in capite habuisse dicitur, i. e. iuxta cerebrum, quia prudentiâ plus videbat. Verum Uysses eum astutiâ superavit, et ob hoc eum excaecâsse fingitur. Vide Hygin. Fab. 125. etc. Nic. Lloydius.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Polyphemus — (English launguage: fvmdkofmsdk, transliterated as Polyphemos in Robert Fitzgerald s translation) is a character in Greek mythology, one of the Cyclops. The one eyed son of Poseidon and Thoosa, his name means famous [Πολύφημος, famous .] .… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyphemus — Pol y*phe mus, n. [L. Polyphemus the one eyed Cyclops who was blinded by Ulysses.] (Zo[ o]l.) A very large American moth ({Telea polyphemus}) belonging to the Silkworm family ({Bombycid[ae]}). Its larva, which is very large, bright green, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polyphemus — steht für Polyphem, Kyklop in der griechischen Mythologie Polyphemus (Gattung), eine Gattung der Krebse Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polyphemus — Polyphemus, Gattung der Flohkrebse (Daphniden) des Süßwassers …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Polyphemus — name of a Cyclops ( Odyssey, IX), lit. many voiced or else much spoken of. Also used as the name for a one eyed animal …   Etymology dictionary

  • Polyphemus — [päl΄i fē′məs] n. in Homer s Odyssey, a Cyclops who confines Odysseus and his companions in a cave until Odysseus blinds him so that they can escape …   English World dictionary

  • Polyphemus — /pol euh fee meuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a Cyclops who was blinded by Odysseus. * * * In Greek mythology, a Cyclops. He was the son of Poseidon and the nymph Thoösa. When Odysseus and his companions were cast ashore on the coast of Sicily, Polyphemus …   Universalium

  • Polyphemus —    From Greek mythology, one of the Cyclopes. These one eyed giants forged Zeus thunderbolts. They are very fierce and have a savage temper. The three Cyclopes were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges. Greek mythology has two other groups of one… …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Polyphemus — noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek Polyphēmos Date: 14th century a Cyclops whom Odysseus blinds in order to escape from his cave …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Polyphemus — noun A cyclops in Homers Odyssey …   Wiktionary